当前位置: 中外美术网 > 学术美术视野

安德鲁斯谈西方风景画:风景画让我们离自然是近还是远
股票配资 来源:中外美术网 文章作者:马尔科姆·安德鲁斯 发布时间:2018-07-25

SHANGHAIBOWUGUAN“XINLINGDEFENGJING:TAITEBULIEDIANMEISHUGUANZHENZANGZHAN”YIJINRUDAOJISHI,ZHEIYIZHANLANZHANCHUJINSANBAINIANLAI54WEIYINGGUOWEIDAFENGJINGHUAJIADE71FUHUAZUO(ZHANQIZHI8YUE5RI)。


  YINGGUOFENGJINGYISHUYANJIUZHUANJIAMAERKEMU·ANDELUSIJIAOSHOUCIQIANSHOUSHANGBOZHIYAOZHUANXIELE《FENGJINGDEJINGYAN:XIFANGDEYISHUYUZIRAN》DEWENZHANG,TAOLUNRUHE“HUIYING”XIFANGCHUANTONGFENGJINGHUADEYIXIEGENBENWENTI。 QIZHONG,“HUIYING”ZHIDESHI“MIANDUIFENGJINGHUABIAOXIANCHUDERENHEXINGSHIDEFANYING”,CONGNINGSHIYIFUFENGJINGHUASHIKENENGCHANSHENGDEGANJUEDAOGENGJUCHENSIXING、LILUNXINGDESIKAO。


石河子网上炒股   BENWENQUANWENKANYUSHANGHAIRENMINMEISHUCHUBANSHECHUBANDE《MOZAOZIRAN》,《PENGPAI配资开户 ·YISHUPINGLUN》JINGSHOUQUANJIEXUANKANFACIWEN。


  ZAIJINRUZHENGWENZHIQIAN,BIZHESHOUXIANXIANGTIJIGEXIANDAISHEHUIZHONGFENGJINGHUADEGUANKANWENTI——SHOUXIAN,FENGJINGTUPIANZONGSHIXIYINWOMENZOUJINZIRAN,DANSHITAMENSHIFOUTONGSHIYERANGWOMEN“YUANLI”ZIRAN?——ZHEIYESHIFAGUOZHUMINGHOUYINXIANGPAIHUAJIABAOLUO·SAISHANGTICHUDEWENTI;TAZAI1902NIANZHEIYANGXIEDAO,“WOMENJINTIANDESHIJUEYIJINGGUODUGONGZUO,BEIGEZHONGDETUXIANGJIYISUOZHEMO……WOMENZAIYEKANBUJIANZIRAN, WOMENZHIJIZHUHUAJIASUOSUZAODEHUAMIAN。”


石河子网上炒股   WOMENDUIZHENSHIFENGJINGDETIYAN,SHIFOUZHUJIANBIANCHENGLEYIXILIEDEHUAMIAN,ERFEIWOMEN配资公司 、GONGZUODEHUANJINGDEYIBUFEN?RUGUOZHEIYANGSHUOTAIKUAZHANGLE,NEIZHISHAOKEYISHUO,FENGJINGHUAYIJINGQIANRUWOMENDUIZHENSHIFENGJINGDETIYANZHONGQU,BINGQIEMIBUKEFEN;ERFENGJINGYUFENGJINGHUAYEJIUXIANRULEYIGEFANKUIHUANLU(feedback loop)ZHONG。ZAICHENGSHIHUAXIANZHUDEGUOJIAZHONG,HENDUORENZAIQINSHENGANSHOUZIRANZHIQIANJIUJILEILEDALIANGSHIJUETUXIANG,JIEGUOSHITUXIANGZHONGDEZIRANYINGXIANGLEWOMENDUIZHENZHENGSHIJINGDEXIANSHIGANZHI。RUGUOFENGJINGBUNENGQINGYIBEIQUJING,BEIZHIZAOCHENGTUPIAN,NEIJIUZHISHENGXIASUIJIXIAOSHIDESHENMEITIYANERYI。ZAIDANGDAI,MEIYIGEZIRANJINGGUANDOUBEIWOMENSUOSHUSHIDEMOUZHONGKUANGJIAXIANZHIZHE——ZHEISHIBUKEBIMIANDE,DANSHITONGGUOJIBAINIANJIANLIQIDEFENGJINGHUADEGAINIAN,SHIFOUSHIZHEIZHONGKUANGJIAGENGJIAGENSHENDIGU?


  西方风景艺术:起始


石河子网上炒股   YISHUSHIJIAKENNISI·KELAKE(Kenneth Clark,1903-1983)CENGZHEIYANGSHUOGUO:“CHULEAI,KONGPAMEIYOUSHENMENENGBIYICHUHAODEFENGGUANGJIRENMENDAILAIDEYUYUE,GENGNENGRANGRENMENTUANJIEZAIYIQI。ZAIOUZHOU,ZHEIZHONGDUIZIRANDEREQINGZAOYIYOUZHI,BINGZHISHAOKEYIZHUISUDAOGUDIANSHIQI。


1.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《风景》达·芬奇 纸本墨笔 1473年 乌菲齐美术馆藏。


  ZIRANMEIDEJIUXIANGSHIYISHU!YEXUFENGJINGHUAZONGSHIJIANGZIRANJINGSELIXIANGHUA。YISHUJIAMENTONGCHANGXUYAOXUANQU、DIAOZHENGANPAIYICHUJINGSELAIXINGCHENGYICHUTEDINGDEGOUTU,ZHEIZHONGRENWEIKONGZHIYUSUZAODEGUOCHENGSHIZHONGSUWULISHIJIEDEYIZHONGFANGSHI——DUIYISHUJIAYONGYOUDEZHEIYINENGLI,LAIANGNADUO·DA·FENQI(Leonardo da Vinci,1452-1519)CENGXIANGXIDIJIESHIGUO:


石河子网上炒股   “HUAJIASHIGEZHONGRENHEWUDEZHUZAIZHE……RUGUOTAXIANGYAOSHANGU,RUGUOTAXIANGYAOKANDAOCONGSHANJIANZHANKAIDEYIPIANPINGYUANYIZHIMANYANDAOHAIPINGXIAN,TASHIZHURENDANGRANYOUQUANLIQUZHEIMEZUO。TONGYANGDE,RUGUOTAXIWANGZAIDIAIDEPINGYUANKANDAOGAOSHAN,TAYEYOUQUANZHEIMEZUO……SHISHISHANGWULUNSHIZAIYUZHOUZHONG、ZAIBENZHISHANG、ZAIBIAOMIANSHANGHAISHIZAIXIANGXIANGZHONGCUNZAIDEYIQIESHIWU,DUIYUHUAJIALAISHUODOUSHISHOUXIANZAINAOZHONGCHENGXIANCHULAI,ZAITONGGUOHUABIBIAODA;HUAJIADENENGLIHENQIANGDA,QIANGDADAONENGBIAOXIANCHUHEBILIDEHEXIEDEQUANBUJINGSE,RANGRENZHIXUYAOPIEJIANYIYANJIUNENGTONGSHIDEZHIZIRANBENSHENDEYANGZI。”


石河子网上炒股   ZHEIZHONGZHUZAIYIQIEDEGANJUEYIZHIYILAIJIUSHIGUANSHANG“GUANGKUOFENGJING”SUODAILAIDEJUDAYUYUEGANDEYIBUFEN。YIDALISHIRENBIDELAKE(Francesco Petrarca,1304-1374)CENGSHENGCHENGZIJIZAI1336NIAN4YUEDENGSHANGGUOLIANGQIANMIGAODEWANGDUSHAN(Mont Ventoux),ERTADENGSHANDEZHUYAOMUDEJIUSHIXINSHANGFENGJING。YINCIBIDELAKESHICHANGHUIBEIYINWEIDIYIWEIXIANDAILVXINGZHE。BIDELAKECENGXIEDAO,DANGTAZHANZAISHANDINGDETONGSHI,HUIXIANRUQIMIAODEMIHUANZHONG,DANXUANJIYOUMASHANGKAISHIZEBEIZIJI,BAZHUYILIDOUFANGZAILEWAIZAIDEWUZHICHANGJINGERBUSHIGUANZHUNEIZAIDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAI;DANGXIANGDAOZHEIXIESHI,TADUNSHIGANDAOJIONGPOHEAOHUI,YUSHIMOMOZOUXIASHANQU……


石河子网上炒股   CONGBIDELAKEMIAOHUIDEZHEIZHONGJINGGUANZHONGDEDAODEYUYUEGAN,BINGBUJINJINQUJUEYUDANDUZIRANYUANSUDEMEILICHENGDU,ZHEIZHONGYUYUEGANYEQUJUEYUSUOJIANZHIJINGDEJUEDUIGUIMOHESHULIANG。 RENZAIGUANSHANGLEYIPIANGUANGKUOERDUOYANGDEXIANGCUNJINGXIANGZHIHOUHUODEDEMANZUGAN,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGSHIYINWEIWOMENJIANJIANDANDANSAOLEYIYAN,JIUNENGBAZHEIMEDUOSHIWUSHOUBIANZAIWOMENDESHIJUETONGCHOUZHIXIA,YEJIUSHILAIANGNADUOSHUODE“PIEJIANYIYAN”。ZHEIZHONG“TONGYUYIQIEZHE”DETIYANGAN,ZAIHUAJIAJIANGFENGJINGBUZHIDAOHUABUSHANGDEGUOCHENGNENGTIHUIDAO,ERZAINEIXIEWEIDAJINGGUANDEGUANZHENEILI,DANGTAMENJIANGSHIXIANSAOGUOGUANGMAODUOYANGDETUDISHIYENENGTIHUIDAO。


  ZHANZAIGAOCHUGANSHOU“GUANGKUOFENGJING”DETIYANYECUISHENGCHUYIGEMIAOHUIXINGDEYUHUIBIAOLAI BIAOXIANZHEIZHONGRANGRENYUYUEDEZHANGKONGGAN,BIRU“WOMENZHANGKONGYICHUJINGSE”。FAGUOZHEXUEJIA、 ZHENGZHIJIAWOERNIBOJUE(Comte de Volney,1757-1820)YONG“HONGWEIZHUANGKUODESHANMAI”LAIXINGRONGLIBANEN;TAHAIZAI18SHIJI80NIANDAITANJILVXINGZHEKEYIXINSHANGTIANBIANWUZHIJINGDEJINGZHI:“TAJIUXIANGZAIFUSHIZHENGGESHIJIE……TAGANDAOYIZHENLAIZIYUZHUZUYUZHEIMEDUO WEIDASHIWUZHISHANGDEXINXI,TONGSHITADEJIAOAOZHISHITAFUKANDESHIHOUYEDAIZHEYIFENYINMIDEMANZUGAN。TONGGUOFUKANDEJIAODUXINSHANGJINGSESUODAILAIDEZHANGKONGGANHEMANZUGAN,ERHOUYEBEIFENGJINGHUAJIAMENZHUANHUANCHENGYIGEZHONGYAODEZHUTI:LIRUYANG·XIBORUIZI(Jan Siberecht,1682-1764)DEZUOPIN《TAIWUSHIHEPANDEHENGLIZHEN,YOUCAIHONGDEFENGJING》。


2.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《泰晤士河畔的亨利镇,有彩虹的风景》 扬·希博瑞兹 布面油画 约1690年 泰特不列颠美术馆藏。


  DADUOSHUZHEIYANGDEOUZHOU“YUANTIAO”FENGJINGHUADEWANCHENGDOUZAIWENYIFUXINGZHIHOU。YINWEIOUZHOUZHONGSHIJIHEWENYIFUXINGHUIHUAZHONGDEFENGJINGJIHUDOUSHIFUSHUNEIRONG,HUOZAIRENHESHENDEBIANYUAN,BINGZUOWEIZHONGXINRENWUHOUDEGUANGKUOYUANJINGCHUXIAN。


  WOMENYIYIFUJUSHIWENMINGDEWENYIFUXINGSHIQIHUIHUAZUOPIN:DA·FENQIDE《MENGNALISHA》WEILI。ZHEIWEINVXINGZUOZAILIANGLANGDEDIAIDANGQIANGBIAN,TADEBEIHOUSHICULIDUOSHIDEFENGJING。XIANRAN,WOMENYIJINGBUKENENGZAIDANGDAIDITUSHANG,ZHAODAOBEIJINGZHONGDUIYINGDEFENGGUANG,RANERZHENGSHIMENGNALISHASHENHOUDEFENGJINGFUYULEZHEIFUZUOPINYISHENMIGAN。YIGETIHUANXINGDESHIYANZHENGMINGLEZHEIYIDIAN——JIBAHUAZHONGDEBEIJINGHUANCHENGGUDIANFENGGEDESHINEIJINGXIANG。


3.jpg
《蒙娜丽莎》 达·芬奇 木板油画 1503年 卢浮宫博物馆藏。


4.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《蒙娜丽莎》 达·芬奇原作 数字化调整


石河子网上炒股   ZAIZHEIGETIHUANGUOBEIJINGDEHUAZUOZHONG,MENGNALISHAYUTASHENHOUDEHUANJINGSEGENGWEIHEXIE,DANYEYINWEIMOQULEBEIJINGERQUESHAOLEYIXIEJINGSHENDU。YUANZUOZHONGDEMENGNALISHAZUOZAIBANSHINEIBANSHIWAIDEKONGJIANZHONG,YICHUMIANXIANGSHINEICHENSHEDEBIANYUAN,YICHUMIANXIANGSHIWAIYUANTIAODEFENGJING。ZHEIYANGDEANPAIHUIRANGWOMENZAIJIEDUZUOPINSHI,GENGQINGXIANGYUJIEDUZUOPINDEYUYIERFEIRENWUXIAOXIANGBENSHEN——ZHEISHIYIFUDUIYOUJIAOYANGDENVXINGDEMEILIDEMIAOHUI,TAFUYOUJIAOYUDETEZHIYUZHOUWEIYEXINGDEZIRANHUANJINGXINGCHENGLEXIANMINGDEDUILI。ZHEIZHONGDUIBIDESHOUFAHAITIXIANZAIXINGSHISHANG,LIRUYANLIAODESHIYONG:HUAJIAXUANQUDEROUHUABICHUMIAOHUICHULETAGUANGJIEMEIHAODEPIFU,DANYESHIJISHANGMOQULERENHEBICHUDECUNZAIGAN,ZHEIZHONGHUAFAWOMENCHENGWEI“YUNTUFA”。ERZAIBIAOXIANMENGNALISHABEIHOUDESHANSHISHI,DAFENQIQUESHIYONGLEBICHUGANQIANGLIEDEJIFA,ZHEIJIUXINGCHENGLEYIZHONGBICHUDEDUIBI。CIWAI《MENGNALISHA》DEWAIJINGSHILENGSEDIAODELANHUISE,ERMENGNALISHASUOCHUDENEIJINGQUESHINUANSEDIAODEZONGHESE,ZHEIZHONGDESECAIDUIBISHIDEMENGNALISHAPIFUDEWENNUANGUANGZE,ZAIHUAZHONGXIANDEGENGWEITUCHU。YINCI,FENGJINGZUOWEIZHUTIRENWUDEDUILISHIYIZHONGCELVE。


石河子网上炒股   YU《MENGNALISHA》YOUSUOBUTONGDESHI,FENGJINGYOUSHIJIAQIANGLERENWUSUOCHUCHANGJINGDEXIJUXING(RULUOLUNZUO·LUOTUODE《HUANGYEZHONGDESHENGJIELUOMU》)。


5.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《荒野中的圣杰罗姆》 洛伦佐·洛托 木板油画 1506年 卢浮宫博物馆藏。


  CIWAI,FENGJINGYUANSUHAINENGYONGLAI“JIEYU”。《MENGNALISHA》DELIZIYIJINGTIDAOGUO“YUYI”,ERLUOLUNZUO·LUOTUOGENGSHISHIYONGYUYIDEDASHI。TABIAOZHIXINGDEDUIBISHOUFATIXIANZAIQI《MEIDEYUEXIDEYUYAN》YIHUAZHONG。HUAMIANZHONGFENGJINGDEXIANGHUDUILI,JIAQIANGLEHAITONGHESATIERYUYISHANGDEQUBIE。SATIERWEIYUHUAMIANYOUCE,HEZUILEBINGBAJIUSAZAIZHOUWEI,ERZHOUWEISHIZOUXIANGSHUAIBAIDE、XIANGSHIBAOFENGYULAILINYIYANGHEIANDEJINGSE。LINGWAI,SATIERSHENHOUHAIMIANSHANGDEYISOUCHUANYEZAICHENMEI。DANGWOMENZIXIGUANCHAHUAMIANZHONGYANGDEDASHU,TACHAOXIANGSATIERDEYICESHIPOBAIDE,ERLINGYICEZEMIANXIANGZHELIXINGYUXIWANG;TIANZHENDEXIAOHAITONGGUOBAWANSHUXUEYIQILAIXUEXILIXINGDEGUIZE,TADEZHOUWEITIANKONGCHENGCHE、YANGGUANGPUZHAO——LIXINGZHIGUANGZHENGCONGTIANKONGZHAOSHEXIALAI。KAOHAIZIZHEIYICEDESHUMUHAISHENGZHANGCHULEYIZHIZHUOZHUANGMAOMIDEFENZHI。


6.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《美德与恶习的寓言》 洛伦佐·洛托 木板油画 1505年 华盛顿国家画廊藏。


  GUOQUOUZHOUHENDUOYISHUJIABA“FENGJING”JINJINKANZUOZIRANSHIJIEDEYIBUFEN,ERBUSHIYIGEDULIDEZHUTI。LIANGWEIDEGUOHUAJIAAERBULEIXITE·ATEDUOFEIER(Albrecht Altdorfer,1480-1538)、AERBULEIXITE·DIULE(Albrecht Durer, 1471-1528),HAIYOUDIULEDEPENGYOU、FOLANDESIHUAJIAYUEAXIMU·PADINIER(Joachim Patinir, 1485-1524)DOUSHIZHEIYILEIXINGFENGJINGHUADEXIANQU,JINGUANTAMENZAIFENGJINGZHUTIDEXUANQUHEWANCHENGSHANGGEZIBUTONG。ZHEISANWEIHUAJIAZUOPINZHONGDUIFENGJINGDEMIAOHUIKEYIBEIKANZUOSHI16SHIJIZUIZAODEDULIFENGJINGHUA,TAMENDEHUIHUAJIQIAOYEZHUJIANBEIRENKEGUANZHU。


石河子网上炒股   WOMENKEYISHUO,BUTONGFENGJINGHUAJIADEZUOPINKEYIFANYINGCHUBUTONGDIQUXIANGCUNHUANJINGDETEZHI。LIRUDUIDEGUOHUAJIAATEDUOFEIERLAISHUO,SENLINSHIYIGEQIANGYOULIDEMINZUXIANGZHENGHEWENHUAFUHAO,YINERTADEHENDUOZUOPINZHONGDOUYOUXINGTAIGEYIDESHUMUHEBEIHOUZHONGZHIBEIFUGAIDETUDI。ERDUIBEIOUDIDIGUOJIAFOLANDESIDEHUAJIAPADINIERLAISHUO,GUANGMAODIPINGXIANHEWUJINTIANKONGGENGJUMEILI,YINERZAITASHENGJINGZHUTIDEZUOPINZHONGCHANGCHANGJUYOUQUANJINGSHIDEKAIFANGFENGJING, ERZUOWEIZHUTIDESHENGJINGRENWUSHENZHICHENGLEDIANZHUI。


石河子网上炒股   WOMENYILIANGFU《TAOWANGAIJI》DETONGMINGZUOPINWEILI。《TAOWANGAIJI》DEGUSHICHUZI《XINYUESHENGJING》。DANGYESUHAISHIGEYINGERDESHIHOU,XILVWANGTINGSHUOYIGEXINSHENGERBEIYUYAN JIANGYAOCHENGWEIYOUTAIDEWANG。TABAONULE,YINWEITAJIANGZHEIKANZUOSHIDUITAWANGWEIDEWEIXIE。YOUYUBUZHIDAOYUYANZHONGSHUODESHINAGEYINGER,TAXIALINGSHADIAOSUOYOULIANGSUIYIXIADEXINSHENGER。SUOXINGSHENGFUYUESEFUYUSHENGMUMALIYASHOUDAOTIXINGLIKAIBOLIHENG,QIANWANGAIJIBINAN。ZHEIYIDUANLVCHENGJIUCHENGWEILEZHONGSHIJIHEWENYIFUXINGSHIQIHUIHUACHANGBIAOXIANDEZHUTI。ZHEILIANGFUTONGMINGZUOPINDECHUANGZUOSHIJIANJIANGEYUEWEI200NIAN。


7.jpg
《逃往埃及》 乔托 湿壁画 1304-1306年 意大利帕多瓦阿雷纳礼拜堂。


8.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《逃往埃及》 约阿希姆·帕蒂尼尔 木板油画 约1524年 俄罗斯艾尔米塔什博物馆藏。


  PADINIERDEZHEIFUZUOPINJUYOUJIANGSHENGJINGGUSHISHISUHUADEQITEXIAOGUO——TAJIHUBIANCHENGLEYUSHENGJINGGUSHIWUGUANDEFENGSUHUA。YUQIAOTUOZAILIANGGESHIJIYIQIANDETONGMINGZUOPINXIANGBI,PADINIERZUOPINZHONGZUIXIANZHUDEYIDIANQUBIEZAIYUTEYIJIANGFENGJINGHEJIANZHUDOUXIANGXIBIAOXIANCHULAI。CUSHIFENGJINGHUACHENGWEIDULIHUAZHONGDEYIGEQIJI,SHI16SHIJIWANQIDAO17SHIJI,BEIOUGUOJIAXINJIAOGAIGEDAOZHIDEZONGJIAOHUIHUADESHUAILUO。FENGJINGHUA、FENGSUHUA、RENWUXIAOXIANGHEJINGWUHUADOUYINCIYINGYUNERSHENG。


石河子网上炒股   YINGYU“FENGJING”(Landscape)YICIDECIYUANLAIZIBEIOU。YIWEIYINGYUYUXIDEZUOJIA、YISHUJIAHENGLI·PICHAMU(Henry Peacham)ZAI17SHIJICHUZHEIYANGDUIQIDINGYI:


  “FENGJING(landskip)SHIYIGEHELANYUCIHUI,TABIAODALEWOMENZAIYINGYUZHONGDUITUDIMIAOSHUDESUOYOUNEIRONG,HUOZHESHUOTADUITUDIDEBIAOSHUBAOKUOLESHANMAI、SENLIN、 CHENGBAO、HAIYANG、HEGU、FEIXU、FEIYAN、CHENGSHI、XIANGZHENDENGDENG——ZHIYAOSHIWOMENSHI YEFANWEINEISUOZHANSHIDEDONGXIDOUCHENGWEIFENGJING。RUGUOTABUZITISHENJIAERCHUCHUWEIQITA SHIWUZHEXIANG,TAZUIZHONGHUICHENGWEINEIXIEBEIWOMENCHENGZUO“FUCHANPIN”(Parerga)DEDONGXI,JINGUANTAYESHIBIYAODE。”


  ZAIPICHAMUDESHIDAI,“FENGJING”JIHUCHENGWEILEHUIHUADEZHUYAOZHUTILE;TABUZAIZUOWEIZHUTIRENWUDECONGSHU。FOLANDESIHUAJIABIDE·BAOLUO·LUBENSI(Peter Paul Rubens,1577-1640)ZAIYUE1636NIANHUALEYIFUTAJIADELIXIANGHUAJINGSEHEXIANGCUNFENGGUANG,MINGJIAO《SITENGCHENGBAOQINGCHENDEFENGGUANG》(A View of Het Steen in the Early Morning)。


9.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《海特斯腾在清晨的风光》 鲁本斯 木板油画 约1635年 英国国家美术馆藏。


  DIZHONGHAIDIQUDEFENGJINGHUAYUBEIFANGHUIHUACHUANTONGDERONGHE,YAOGUIYINYUHELANHEFOLANDESIDIQUHUAJIADEHUOYUE。16SHIJIHE17SHIJI,LIANGDIDALIANGDEHUAJIAQULUOMAGONGZUO,BINGCHIMIYUWENYIFUXINGYILAILUOMAFANRONGDEHUIHUAFENWEI。NEIXIEZAIFENGJINGHUASHANGZHUOYOUTIANFUDEHUAJIA,ZAILUOMADEGONGZUOSHIZHONGZHUANGONGZONGJIAOHUIHUAZHONGDEFENGJINGYUANSU,QIZHONGZUIJIECHUDEMOGUOYUFOLANDESIHUAJIABAOLUO·BULIER(Paul Bril,1554-1626)。ZAIZHEIZHANG《ZIHUAXIANG》(1595-1600)ZHONG,BULIERXIANRANSHIZAIXUANCHUANTAZAIFENGJINGHUASHANGDEGAOCHAOJIYI,ZHEIWUYISHITADE“GERENMINGPIAN”。


10.jpg
《自画像》 保罗·布里尔 布面油画 1595-1600年 罗德岛设计学院博物馆藏。


  BULIERYINFENGJINGHUIHUAERCHUMING,YESHOUDAOHENDUOLUOMAYUFOLUOLUNSADAZANZHURENDEWEIREN。QIZHONGBAOKUOJIAOHUANG,TAWEIRENBULIERWEIFANDIGANGDEJIAOTANGHUIZHISHIBIHUA。《DUOSHANDEFENGJINGHESHENGJIELUOMU》JISHITADEZUOPIN。


11.jpg
《多山的风景和圣杰罗姆》 保罗·布里尔 铜板油画1592年 莫瑞泰斯皇家美术馆藏。


  KEYICONGZHONGKANDAOTAJIANGPADINIERHEBOLUGAIERDAIBIAODEFOLANDESIFENGJINGHUACHUANTONGDAIQULEYIDALI。ZAI17SHIJIZHIQIAN,BULIERJIUYIJINGSHOUDAOLUOMAKANPANIYAFENGJINGDEQIFA,KAISHICHUANGZUOROUHEDE、TIANYUANSHIYIBANDEFENGJINGHUA,CONGERDIANDINGLETAZUOWEIOUZHOUZUIZHIMINGFENGJINGHUAJIAZHIYIDEFENGGE。


  JIEXIALAIYAOTIDAOFAGUOYISHUJIAKELAODE·LUOLAN(Claude Lorrain,YUE1600-1682)。TONGGUODUITAYULINGWAILIANGWEIHUAJIADESANFUZUOPINDEDUIBIJIEDU,WOMENNENGLEJIEZHEISANWEI17SHIJIHUAJIAZHIJIANDE黄金配资 ,YENENGKANCHUFENGJINGHUAYOUWENYIFUXINGKAISHIXIANGXINGUDIANZHUYIZHUANBIAN。


  ZAIZHEISANWEIHUAJIAZHONG,AGESIDINUO·TAXI(Agostino Tassi,1578-1664) SHIBAOLUO·BULIERDEXUESHENG,TAZAIYUE17SHIJI20NIANDAIZHIHOU,YULUOMAJIANLILEYIGEXIANGDANGGUIMODEGONGZUOSHI。ERRUJINDINGDINGDAMINGDEKELAODE·LUOLANJIUSHITAXIDEXUESHENG,NEISHITACAI20DUOSUI。TAXIHELUOLANDEFENGJINGHUADOUJIYUSHENGJINGGUSHI,DANTAMENSUOBIAOXIANDESHENGJINGRENWUJIHUDOUCHUYUFENGJINGDEFUSHUWEIZHI。JINGUANLUOLANXIAOFANGLEDUOMINIQINUODEHUIHUA(HOUZHEJIANGRENWUZHIYUHUAMIANDEZHONGXINWEIZHI),DANXIANGDUIRENWU,FENGJINGZAILUOLANZUOPINZHANJULEGENGZHONGYAODEWEIZHI——XIUMEIDEFENGJINGBANSUIZHEQINGXIYOUROUHEDEYANGGUANG,ZHEIXIEFENGJINGYAOSUYUANBIXUSHIXINGYAOSUGENGWEIZHONGYAO。


12.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《托拜厄斯和天使,有河流的风景》 阿戈斯蒂诺·塔西 布面油画 1600年。

13.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《有托拜厄斯卧着拿鱼的风景》 多米尼奇诺 铜板油画 1610-1613年。


14.jpg
《夏甲、天使和风景》 克劳德·洛兰 板上布面油画 1646年 英国国家美术馆藏。


  CONG17SHIJIZHI19SHIJICHUQI,YINGGUOFENGJINGHUADOUSHOUDAOHELANYUFOLANDESIDEJUDA YINGXIANG。CIWAI,TAHAISHOUDAOYIKELAODE·LUOLAN、JIASIBO·DUAI(Gaspar Dughet, 1615-1675)HENIGULASI·PUSANG(Nicholas Poussin,1594-1665)WEIDAIBIAODEFAGUOHUAJIADEYINGXIANG。ZHEISANWEIHUAJIACHUANGZUOZUIGAOCHANDESHIQIDOUZAIYIDALIDUGUO。TAMENCHENJINGDEGUDIANFENGGEZAIFENGJINGHUALINGYUCHENGLELIXIANGZHIMEIDEDAIMINGCI。ZHEIYANGDEFENGJINGSHITIANJINGDE,TABUHUIBEIFENGSUOJINGRAO,WENROUDEYANGGUANGYONGHENGDIZHAOYAOZHEYIQIE。


15.jpg
《收集福基翁的骨灰》尼古拉斯·普桑 布面油画 1648年 英国利物浦沃克艺术画廊藏。


石河子网上炒股   LINGWAI,HAIYOUYIZHONGYIGUODEFENGJINGHUAYEZAIZHEIGESHIQISHIFENLIUXING,TAYILAIZIYIDALIDEHUAJIASAERWADUO·LUOSA(Salvator Rosa,1615-1673)WEIDAIBIAO。


16.jpg
《托拜厄斯与天使》 萨尔瓦多·罗萨 木板油画 约1670年 卢浮宫博物馆藏。


  LUOSABIXIADEFENGJINGSHIYOUZHEGUANGTUTUDOUQIAOSHANSHIHEKUSISHUMUDEMANHUANGZHIDI,TAMENBUTONGYUKELAODEBIXIAROUHEDEJIANBIAN。TAMENDUILIDEFENGGE,ZHENGHAOQIHELEAIDEMENG·BOKE(Edmund Burke,1730-1797)ZAI《LUNCHONGGAOYUYOUMEIGAINIANQIYUANDEZHEXUETANJIU》ZHONGTICHUDELIANGGEDUILIGAINIAN。ZHEIPIANWENZHANGGUANZHUDESHIWOMENZAIMIANDUIYOUMEIYUCHONGGAOSHISUOCHANSHENGDEQINGGANFANYING,TADUIBENWENKAITOUTICHUDENEIXIEWENTIYOUSUOQISHI。ERXIAWENJIUJIANGYAOTANTAOFENGJINGYISHUJIRENDAILAIDEQINGGANTIYAN。


  优美与崇高


石河子网上炒股   BOKEDEWENZHANGQIANGDIAOLEWOMENZAIMIANDUIYOUMEIYUZHUANGGUANJINGSESHI,YINSHOUDAOBUGUANSHISHIJUEHUOTINGJUESHANGDECHONGJIERZIRANSHENGFADEXINLIYUQINGGANFANYING。ER“CHONGGAO”DELAIYUANZHENGXIANGFAN,TASHIYOUKONGJU、HUISE、LILIANG、 HEIAN、GUDUHEGUANGMODETIYANCIJIXINGCHENGDE;TATIAOZHANZHEWOMENDEZIWOBAOHU。RUGUOSHUOFENGJINGHUASHUYUZHONGDE“YOUMEI”KEYIBEIKELAODE·LUOLANHUAZUOZHONG NEIWENNUANMINGMEI、BOTAOQIFUDEJINGZHISUOWANMEIQUANSHI;NEI“CHONGGAO”DETIYANZESHIYOUGUANGMAODESHAMO、ZHENGRONGDEJUFENG、LINGRENMUXUANDEXUANYAHEBINGCHUAN、BAOFENGYUXUEBENG,HAIYOUNEISIHUWUFACHUANYUEDEMANGMANGSENLINSUODAILAIDE。ZHEIXIEBIANSHI18SHIJIWANQIYILAI,ZAILANGMANZHUYISHIQIDENGSHANGOUZHOUFENGJINGHUAWUTAIDEZHONGDUOYIXIANG。


  BOKEZAIZHIXINGSHANGRENTONGFEILIXINGYINSUJUEDINGLEWOMENDESHENMEIFANYING。QIANGDIAOGANJUEERBUSHIXIANGYUANLAIYIYANGZHONGSHILIXING,ZHEIZHONGDUIRENHEXINGSHIDECIJIDAILAIDEYUANSHIDEZHUGUANTIYANDEGUANZHU,ZHENGSHIFUHELEDANGSHIXINGQIDEYISHUCHAOLIUDEZHUANXIANG,JIWOMENXIANZAICHENGDELANGMANZHUYI(Romanticism)。ZHEICHANGYISHUYUNDONGZHONGZUIJUYINGXIANGLIDEOUZHOURENWUZHIYISHIFAGUOZUOJIARANG·YAGE·LUSUO(Jean-Jacques Rousseau,1712-1778)。LUSUOZUOPINDEPUJICUJINLEYIGESIXIANGDEXINGCHENG,NEIJIUSHI:ZIRANSHIJIEJISHIJINGSHENSHANGDEBINANSUO,YESHIWUZHISHANGYICHUWEISHOUWURANDECHUNJINGZHIDI。ZHEIZHONGJINGSHENBIAOXIANZAIYUESEFU·LAITE(Joseph Wright,1734-1797)HUADEXIAOXIANGHUA《BULUKE·BU SIBIJUESHIHUAXIANG》。


17.jpg
《布鲁克·布思比爵士画像》 约瑟夫·莱特 布面油画 1781年 泰特不列颠美术馆藏。


石河子网上炒股   BOKEDELILUNCHUXIANZAIYIGETESHUDESHIQI。ZHEIGESHIQIOUZHOUGEXUEYUANPAIDOUYIJINGRENKELEDANGSHIHUIHUALEIXINGDEDENGJIBIAOZHUN。ANZHEITAOBIAOZHUN,FENGJINGHUASHISHUYUSUOYOUHUIHUAMENLEIZHONGJIAODIJIBIEDEYIZHONG,QIDIWEIZAIBIAOXIANJINGSHENHEROUTISHANGDEYINGXIONG、RENHESHENDELISHIHUIHUAZHIXIA。ERLISHIHUAZECIYURENWUXIAOXIANGHUA,HOUZHEDADUOBIAOXIANGAOGUIZUNYANDERENWU;CIWAIHAIYOUFANYINGRENMENDERICHANG配资公司 HESHISUCHENSHEDEFENGSUHUA。ZAIZHEIXIELEIBIEZHIXIACAIFENBIESHIFENGJINGHUA、 DONGWUHUAHEJINGWUHUA。LANGMANZHUYIXUANYANGLERENDEZHUGUANTIYANHEQINGGAN,CHANGDAOYISHUCONGCHUANTONGDETIAOTIAOKUANGKUANGZHONGJIEFANGCHULAI,ZHEIDUIZHENGTONGDEXUEYUANPAITICHULEJUDADETIAOZHAN。ZAIYOULEZHEIXIELISHIBEIJINGZHIHOU,XIAWENJIANGHUIDA:FENGJINGYISHUJIWOMENDAILAILEZENYANGDEYINGXIANG?TAYOUHUIQUXIANGHEFANG?


  WOMENSHOUXIANCONGBOKEDUICHONGGAOHEYOUMEIDELIJIETANQI。FENGJINGHUAKEYISHENSHENCHUDONGWOMEN:TAJIKEYIRAOLUANWOMENNEIXINDEPINGJING,YEKEYIJIAOHUIWOMENRUHECHENJIXIALAI。WOMENLAIKANLIANGGEBIJIAOJIDUANDELIZI。CHONGGAODEZIRANFENGGUANGSHIWOMENRENSHIDAODAZIRANLINGRENZHENSHEDEXIONGHUNLILIANG,ZHEIYANGDERENSHIBUJINJINTINGLIUZAIZHISHISHANG,YERANGWOMENYOUJIHUICONGDANGXIACHUCHUSHOUXIANDE配资公司 ZHONGTUOLICHULAI,QUZAICIGANZHIZIRANDEWUJINQIANNENG。YINGGUODETOUNAJISHICHONGGAOFENGJINGHUAJIADEJIECHUDAIBIAOZHIYI。

18.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《奥斯塔山谷:雪暴、雪崩和雷暴》 威廉·透纳 布面油画 1836-1837年 芝加哥艺术博物馆藏。


石河子网上炒股   “CHONGGAO”SHEJIDAODETIYANBUJINJINSHIDUIGAODUHUOZHESHULIANGSHANGDEPANGDA、FANYUNFUYUDELILIANGGAN,YESHEJIDAOQIANGLIEDEFUMIANGANSHOU:WANQUANDECHENJI、HUANGWURENYANDETUDIHEWANGBUDAOTOUDEKONGKUANG,RENMENCHANGCHANGZAIQIZHONGMISHIFANGXIANG。DEGUODANGDAIYISHUJIAANSAIMU·JIFU(Anselm Kiefer,1945-)JIUSHANYUMIAOHUIZHEILEIFENGJING,YOUQISHIZAIJUDADEHUAFUZHONGCHENGXIANBEIROULINHUIHUAIDEFENGJING,RU《LUODEDEQIZI》YIHUA。


19.jpg
《罗得的妻子》 安塞姆·基弗 1989 年。


  HUAZHONGDECHONGGAOSHIXIANSHI配资公司 ZHONGDEKONGBUZAINAN——KONGJUYULENGKUDOUBIAOXIANZAIWOZHEDETIEGUIZHONG,TAMENSHIZAIZHEWANQIANYOUTAIRENQUWANGNACUIJIZHONGYINGDESIWANGDETONGDAO。ZUOPINDE“CHONGGAO”YETIXIANZAICHIFUSHANG:ZUOPINYOU11 YINGCHIKUAN、14YINGCHIZHANG。


  FENGJINGCHUANTONGDAIJIWOMENLINGYIGEFANGXIANGSHANGDEYINGXIANGSHIFUWEIWOMENDEXINLING,YINWEIZIRANCHANGCHANGJUYOUQINGXINYUCHUNJING、CHENWENYUBAORONGHEWUJINDEYOUMEIDETEZHI。KELAODEDEHUIHUAJISHIZHEIXIEPINZHIDENONGSUO,ZHEIXIETEZHIYEBEICHENGWEISHI“KELAODESHIDEXIUYANGSHENGXI”。DUIYU配资公司 、GONGZUOZAICHENGSHIDERENMENLAISHUO,HUAZHONGDECHENJIANWENDEZHUANGTAISIHUYUELAIYUENANYIDADAO。WOMENSHENZHIKENENGZHENGZAISANGSHIGANZHIZHEIZHONGZHUANGTAIDENENGLI。FENGJINGHUANENGBANGZHUJIANLIQIZHEIZHONGZHUANGTAI,BINGQIEBANGZHUWOMENZHONGXINTIYANDAOTA。


20.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《田园风光》 克劳德·洛兰 布面油画 1646-1647年 圣地亚哥亭肯美术馆藏。


21.jpg
《喜鹊》 克劳德·莫奈 布面油画 89×130cm  1868-1869年 奥赛博物馆藏。


  “飞流的时间中抓住短暂的一瞬”


  ZAIDUIMONAIHETOUNADEZUOPINDEJIESHAOZHONG,WOTANLEYIXIEXUSHIXINGYUANSU,SHIWEILEBIAOXIANCHUZUOPINDEQINGGANLILIANG。HUAZHONGDEMEIYICHUCHANGJINGDOUZHUAZHULEYIGETEDINGSHUNJIAN,ERDINGGELESHIJIAN。YINGGUOHUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUANYUANZHANG,QIAOSHUYA·LEINUOZI(Joshua Reynolds,1723-1792)ZAIYIPIANJIXUEYUANXUESHENGDEJIANGGAOZHONGZHEIYANGSHUO:“YIWEIHUAJIABIXUMIBUCHUANGZUOZHONGXIANTIANDEBUZU,NEIJIUSHITAZHIYOUYIJUHUAKEYIBIAODA,ZHINENGBIAODAYISHUNJIANDEHUAMIAN。TABUNENGXIANGSHIRENHUOZHELISHIXUEJIANEIYANGWEIWEIDAOLAI。”


石河子网上炒股   WANWUXIAOSHI,BIANHUA,SHENMEDOUBUHUILIUXIA;DANSHIZIRANZONGHUIYOUTA“BAOCHIBUBIAN”DEDONGXI,TADE“HEXIN”。 WOMENYOUJIANGRUHEDIAOJIEZHEIZHONGMAODUN?YISHUJIAYINGGAIBIAOXIAN“YONGHENGDEZIRANZHONGFEISUSHIQUDEGANJUE”,HUOXUHAIYOUYIZHONGLIUSHIZHEDEYONGHENGGAN?ZHEIXIEMAODUNSHIBUKEYIBEIDIAOHEDE,DANZHENGSHIMAODUNDEZHANGLIJILEFENGJINGHUAYIHUOLI,YEJILEFENGJINGHUAJIAJUDADEDONGLI。


  ZHEISHIYINGGUOLANGMANZHUYISHIRENWEILIAN·HUAZIHUASI(William Wordsworth,1770-1850)WEIZANMEITADEPENGYOUJIZANZHURENQIAOZHI·BOMENGTEJUESHIHUADEYIFUFENGJINGHUASUOZUODESHI《YONGQIAOZHI·BOMENGTEJUESHISUOZUOFENGJINGHUAYIZHEN》:


  ZANMEIZHEIDANQINGMIAOBIBA:TANENGJIAOFUYUNTINGZHIPIAOYOU,NINGCHENGZHEIYITUANMINGYAN;TABURANGZHEIDANDANYANLVSUIFENGXIAOSAN, YEBURANGZHEILANGLANGYANGGUANGHUIANYINCHEN; TAZHIZHUZHEIXIEYOURENDEJIAOBU——CHENTAMENHAIBUCENGYINMEIYUZHEIPIANYOULINBEIHOU;…FUWEIXINHUNDESHOUBI!…WEILERANGFANRENYIKAIYANJIE,NICONGJICULIUGUANGLIJIEQULEZHEIYISHUNXI,CITAYIYONGHENGSHANGJIEYIRENDEJINGMI。


石河子网上炒股   FENGJINGYISHUZHUAZHUBINGSHIZHIYONGHENGDESHILIUSHIDESHIJIANZHONGDUANZANDEYISHUNJIAN。ZHEIJIUGAIKUOLEWOJIANGYAOTONGGUOJIZHONGBUTONGLEIXINGFENGJINGYISHULAITANSUODEWENTI。


  JINLAIWOMENGUANKANFENGJINGDEJILUHECHENGXIANKEYIYOUHENDUOZHONGXINGSHI,DANZHUYAOSHILIANGZHONG: CHUANTONGDEYOUBIANKUANGDETUXIANG,KEYISHIHUIHUADEYEKEYISHISHEYINGTUPIAN;HAIYOUYIZHONGSHIDANPINGDEDONGTAITUXIANG,JIUXIANGZAILUXIANGHUOZHEDIANSHISHANGKANDAODENEIYANG。RUHETONGGUOZHEIYANGDEXINGSHILAICHUANDISHIJIANDELIUSHINI?WOMENSHOUXIANLAITANCHUANTONGDEJINGTAIFENGJINGTUXIANGHEXIANGGUANYISHUJIA。


石河子网上炒股   ZUHUA《GANCAODUI》(the Haystacks Series,1890-1891)。ZHEIYIZUYUEERSHIWUZHANGHUIHUADOUBIAOXIANLETONGYIGEMUTI,BINGQIEJIWOMENTIGONGLEYIGEFANLI:FENGJINGDETUXIANGRUHECONGJINGTAIZHUANBIANDAODONGTAI,YIJIRUHECONGCHUANTONGFENGJINGHUADAOYONGXINDEJISHUSHOUFACHENGXIANFENGJING。ZAIWOKANLAI,ZHEIZUZUOPINSHIYISHANGLIANGZHONGQINGKUANGDEHUNHE。


22.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《干草堆》(组画之四) 克劳德·莫奈 布面油画 1890-1891年 芝加哥艺术博物馆藏。


  HUAZHONGMIAOHUIDESHIMONAIZAIFAGUOJIWEINIDEFANGZIZHOUWEIDEYIPIANTIANYE。DANGMONAIZAICHUANGZUODESHIHOUTAZAIXIANGSHENME?YINWEIZHEIXIEGANCAODUIJIUZAITAJIAMENKOU,TAKEYILEJIETAMENYITIANERSHISIXIAOSHI,YINIANSIJIFENBIEDOUSHISHENMEYANGZI:JINGTAIDEHEDONGTAIDE。BIANHUADEGUANGXIAN、XUEHEBINGSHUANGXIYINTARANGTAKAISHIJILUXIAZHEIXIEBIANHUA,ERGANCAODUIHETIANYESHIBIAOXIANFENGFUGUANGXIANXIAOGUODEJUEJIACHANGSUO。


石河子网上炒股   FENGJINGHUAJIAZHONGFUDIBIAOXIANTONGYIMUTIYOUYIGEMINGXIANDEHAOCHU,NEIJIUSHIZAIBUDUANZHONGFUZHONGKEYIJIANGZIJIGENGSHENRUDICHENJINDAOFENGJINGZHONGQU,LAIGANSHOUFENGJINGSUODAIJITADEGENGWANZHENGDEGANSHOU。DANGCHUANGZUO《GANCAODUI》ZUHUADESHIHOU,MONAISHUOTAYUELAIYUEJIQIEDIXIANGJILUXIATADEGANSHOU:“WOYUELAIYUEWUFABAITUOZHEIZHONGXIANGYAOJILUXIAWODETIYANDEKEWANG。”


  MONAIDE《GANCAODUI》ZUHUAYINQILEDAJIADUIYUYIGEYOUQUWENTIDETAOLUN:RENMENZENYANGQUGUANKANFENGJINGDECHENGXIAN?BIRUSHUO,NIYINGGAIHUADUOZHANGSHIJIANQUGUANKANYIFUFENGJINGHUA?HUAJIAKEBUNENGTIQIANGUIDINGNIYINGGAIHUADUOSHAOSHIJIANQUKANTADEZUOPIN,GUANKANDE“JIESHU”BINGBURONGYIPANDUAN。SUOYI,YAOSHUOYIFUTOUNADEFENGJINGHUA“ZUOYONGYU”GUANZHEYOUDUOZHANGSHIJIAN?YIJISHENMESHI“ZUOYONGYU”?XUYAOWOMENZUGOUZHANGSHIJIANDININGSHITAYIZHIYUJINGTAIDETUXIANGKAISHIZHANJUWOMENDEXIANGXIANGHUNRUWOMENDE配资公司 ,JIANGZIRANDELILIANGTONGGUOYISHUCHUANDACHULAI?XUYAOWOMENZUGOUZHANGSHIJIANDININGSHITAYIZHIYUKAISHITIHUIDAOYISHUJIAZAIFENGJINGMIANQIANGANSHOUDAODENEIZHONGJIJUGANRANLIDEXINXIMA?DUIYUNEIXIEKAISHIJIANG“ZHEIYOUBIANKUANGDESHISHI”(ZHIHUIHUA)RONGRUDAOTADESIXIANGZHONGQUDEGUANZHELAISHUO,HUIHUAZHENGSHI“WEIYUSIXIANGHESHISHIZHIJIAN”。


  地点与身份认同


  DAOMUQIANWEIZHIWOMENTAOLUNDEFENGJINGZAIJUTIDEDIDIANSHANGDOUMEIYOUZHUNQUEDEDINGWEI,TAMENSHIBEIGUANGYIHUALEDECHANGSUO。DANFENGJINGYISHUNENGHEDITUYIYANGTIGONGDILI股票配资 。FENGJINGYISHUHAINENGTIGONGYOUTEDINGYIYIDIDIANDETUXIANG股票配资 , KEYISHILISHISHANGZHONGYAODEDIDIAN,YEKEYISHIDUIGERENLAISHUOZHONGYAODEDIDIAN。WOMENXIANZAIZHIKAOCHALETUPIAN,DANFENGJINGYISHUKEYIBINGBUJINJINSHICHANGSUODETUPIAN,TAYEKEYISHICHANGSUOBENSHEN。FENGJINGYISHUNENGLIKAIHUABU、LIKAIXIANDINGDEBIANKUANGHEMEISHUGUANQUZHUIQIUQIYISHUSUQIU,BUJINJINSHITONGGUOBIAOXIANDADI,HAIKEYITONGGUOZHONGSUDADI(HUOZHENAPAZHISHIYOUYUQIZHONG)LAIWANCHENG。ZHEIYANGDEYISHUBAOKUOLEFENGJINGYUANLINHEDADIYISHUHUOJIAODIJINGYISHU。CHAERSI·ZHAN KESI(Charles Jencks,1939-)DEZUOPIN《SUGELANYUZHOUSIKAOHUAYUAN》GOUSIYU1989NIAN,YUJINQIGANGGANGWANCHENG,ZHIZAIJIANGWULISHIJIEDEBUFENYUNXINGFAZE、MOSHIHEYUNDONGZHUANHUANCHENGFENGJINGYUYANLAIBIAODA。ZHEIZHONGYUZHOUZHEXUESHIDEWEISUOJINGGUANZAIDAJIANSHANGYEPOJUGUIMO。


23.jpg
《苏格兰宇宙思考花园》 查尔斯·詹克斯 园林设计 1989年。


  TONGYANGYEXINBOBODESHIMEIGUOYISHUJIALUOBOTE·SHIMISEN(Robert Smithson, 1938-1973)DEDADIYISHUXIANQUZUOPIN《LUOXUANDIBA》。TONGGUOYIDONGSHUDUNNITU、YANHEKUANGSHIJINGTI,SHIMISENJIANZAOLEYIGEZHANGYUE1500 YINGCHI、YIZHIYANSHENDAOYOUTAZHOUDEDAYANHUZHONGQUDENISHIZHENLUOXUANXINGDIBA。CHUKAIQITAYINSU,ZHENGJIANZUOPINDESHEJIJIUSHIXIANGYAOBIAODASHIMISENBENRENZAIZHEIGEGUAIYIDECHANGSUOTIYANDAODE:“XUANZHUANDEGANJUE”HE“XUANZHUANDEKONGJIAN”。ZHEIYIDIANJIUSHENQIDIHEMONAIDUI“CHENGXIANWODETIYAN”DECHIMIFEICHANGXIANGSI。HUANJUHUASHUO,CHENGXIANDUIYICHUCHANGJINGDEWANZHENGTIYAN,BUJINJINSHISHIJUEYINXIANG。ZHEISHIGUDIANFENGJINGMEIDEWANQUANDUILIMIAN。


24.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《螺旋堤坝》 罗伯特·史密森 大地艺术 1970年。


石河子网上炒股   XIFANGFENGJINGHUACONGDANSHENGKAISHIJIUSHIXIANLERENMENDUIAKADIYAHEYIDIANYUANDEMENGXIANG。LIXIANGHUATIANYUANFENGGUANGDETUXIANGKEYIJIFARENMENDUIYICHUCHULEZAIHUAZHONGKENENGGENBENDOUBUCUNZAIDEDIFANGDEHUAINIAN。TAYEKEYIBANGZHUWOMENHUIYIQINEIXIEBUKECHUJIDEGUOQU,BIRUSHUOBANGZHUZHONGJIANWOMENXIAOSHIDETONGNIANSHIJIE。XIANZAIWOXIANGJIZHONGTANYIXIAFENGJINGYISHUDEZHEIYITEBIEGONGNENG: BUCHANGSUOSHI、WEIJIEXINLINGDEFENGJINGYISHU,YIJIQIYUYOUGUANDIDIANDESHENFENRENTONGGANDEGUANLIAN。


石河子网上炒股   YINGGUOFENGJINGYISHUZAIGUOQUDELIANGGESHIJIZHONGCHANGCHANGBEIDANGZUOSHIYIZHONGBUCHANG,DUIXIAOSHIDEHUOZHEJIJIANGXIAOSHIDEXIANGCUNMEIJING、DUIZHIPODETIANYUAN配资公司 、DUIZAOYISHIQUDEZAIMOUGEYAOYUANDEXIANGXIADUGUODETONGNIANSHIGUANGDEBUCHANG。ZHEIQIZHONGDEYUANYINKEYIGUIJIEWEI:YINGGUOSHIDIYIGEDAGUIMOGONGYEHUADEGUOJIA,BINGQIEJINGLILEJISUERMENGLIEDECHENGSHIHUAGUOCHENG。YINCI,XIANGCUNCHENGWEILETAOLIXIANDAI配资公司 DEZIRANBINANSUO。YUEHAN·KANGSITAIBOER(John Constable,1776-1837)DE《GANCAOCHE》SHIYINGGUOZUIZHIMINGDEHUAZUOZHIYI,HUAYULUNDUN,ZHENGYUANQIYUZHEIZHONGGANHUAIDEDAHUANJINGXIA。


25.jpg
石河子网上炒股 《干草车》 康斯太勃尔 布面油画 1821年 英国国家美术馆藏。


石河子网上炒股   ZUOPINMIAOHUIDESHIYICHUJUTICHANGJING:SAFUKEJUNSITAOERHEPANDEFULATEFUDEMOFANG,YESHIHUAJIADUITONGNIANTIANYUANMUGE配资公司 DEMEIHAOJIYI。KANGSITAIBOERDAIZHEQIERZAILUNDUNDUGUOLEJUEDADUOSHUSHIJIAN,DANSHITAHUALEHENDUOSAFUKEFENGJING。 “JINGUANWOZAIZHEILI,SHENCHUSHIJIEZHIZHONG。”1823NIAN,TACONGLUNDUNJIAZHONGJIJIGONGTONGCHENGZHANGYUSAFUKEDELAOYOUDEXINZHONGXIEDAO,“RANERWOBUZAI……WOYOUYIGEZIJIDEFURAOERDUOCHANDEWANGGUO。ZHEIGEWANGGUOSHIWODEFENGJINGHEWODEHAIZI。”TASHUODEHAIZISHIZHENSHIDE,ERFENGJINGQUEZHIZAITADENAOHAIZHONG、JIYILI,HAIYOUHUABANSHANG。KANGSITAIBOERXUANQU“WANGGUO”YICIYESHIHENYOUYISI。WOMENDUIZHEIPIANQUYUYOUTONGZHIQUAN;WOMENKEYIZHANGKONGSHIJIAN、JIJIEHEGEZHONGKENENGBIANHUADESHIWU;WOMENYEKEYIBAOLIUZHUTIANYUANMUGE。ZHEIDOUSHIFENGJINGHUAKEYIBANDAODE。


  风景艺术和环境变迁


  21SHIJI,FENGJINGYISHUYUDAOLETAZHIQIANBUCENGMIANDUIDEWENTI:QIHOUBIANHUAHERENMENDUIWUZHIHUANJINGDECHIXUXINGJIAOLV。FENGJINGYISHUJIASHIZENYANGHUIYINGDENI? JINGUANFENGJINGHUAZAIBIAOXIANCHONGGAOZHIJINGDESHIHOUKENENGHUIRANGWOMENGANSHOUDAOZHENJINGHEJUSANG,YINWEIWOMENNENGGANSHOUDAOZIRANYADAOXINGDELILIANG,HUOZHEMIHUANDEXUKONGGAN,TAYOUSHIYEHUIRANGWOMENDUIYIZHIDEFENGJINGYOUHUANRANYIXINDEGANJUE。TATIXINGWOMENDUIZIWODERENDINGSHIHEJUZHUDETUDIYOUJIJIEHEZAIYIQIDE。WOMENDE配资公司 SHIWEIRAOYIZHIDEFENGJINGHUANJINGZHANKAIDE;WOMENDUI“JIAYUAN”DEDINGYIBUJINJINSHIFANGWU、HUAYUAN、DAOLU、JIEDAOHEJIAOTONG,ERSHIYIZHIYANSHENDAOJIJINGDELINDI、ZHONGKONGDEXIAOXIANG、HEPANCAODIANHEQIFUDEQIULING,HUOZHESHIBUMANCAODUODETIANYE、LIYUXUANYAZHISHANGDEDENGTAHESHUMUHUANRAODESHUICHEYUXIAOXI。


石河子网上炒股   RANER,WOMENKAISHIGANJUEDAOZHEIXIEHUANJINGMIANLINZHEWEIXIE。QUANQIUBIANNUAN、LUANKANLUANFAYERANGWOMENDEHUANJINGXIANRUWEIJI。DANGZHEIXIESHIWUSUNHAIDAOWOMENZHENSHIDEHUANJINGSHI,WOMENHUIBIANDEJIQIJIAOLV。JINTIANDEFENGJINGYISHUZHENGZAIHUIYINGZHEIZHONGJIAOLV。YIWEIYOUXINCHONGCHONGDEDILIXUEZHEYIEN·WUDEHAOSI(Iain Woodhouse)TONGYANGJIEYONGNEIFUBIAOZHIXINGZUOPIN《GANCAOCHE》,LAIJINXINGXUANCHUAN。TATONGGUOSHUZISHOUDUANJIANGKANGSITAIBOERHUAZHONGDESHUMUKANDAO,YICILAIHUYURENMENGUANZHUQUANQIUXINGDELANKANLUANFAWENTI。ZHEIYIZUOFASHIFENJUYOUSHUOFULI。


26.jpg
《数字移走树木后的干草车》伊恩·伍德豪斯


  ZAIZHONGDUODANGDAILINGJUNYISHUJIAZHONG,JIANADADEDIANYINGZHIZUORENKAILI·LICHADESEN(Kelly Richardson,1972-)YEZHIMIANZHEIXIEWENTI。ZAITADEYIXIEJUDAYINGXIANGZHUANGZHIZUOPINLI,FENGJINGTUXIANGBEILINGRENBUANDITOUYINGZAIZHENSHIYUXUGOUZHIJIAN。TA2010NIANDEYINGPIAN《BOXUE》(The Erudition)ZHENGSHIGUANYUZHEIYIZHUTIDE,DUI《GANCAOCHE》ZHONGBEIYIZOUDESHUMUXINGCHENGLEGUIYIDEHUIYING。


27.jpg
《博学》 凯莉·理查德森 影片 2010年。


  ZAIZHEIPIANCHONGMANHANYIDEFENGJINGZHONG——KENENGSHIJINGLILEYICHANGTUSHA,YINERLEWUSHENGJI——MINGXIANSHIDIANNAOZHIZUODESONGSHUSHANJINSHANCHU,BANSUIZHEJIXIEDEDIDASHENG。ZHEIXIESHUBUSHIRENMENZHONGZHIDE,BUSHICONGTUDILIZHANGCHULAIDE。YIGUBUKEJIANDELILIANGZHENGYIYIZHONGSHUZIHUADESHOUDUANWANNONGWOMENDESHIJIE,LINGRENBUANDIZHUZAIZHEFENGJINGSHIJIE。KAILI·LICHADESENDEYISHUJIZHONGBIAOXIANZIRANDEXUNIHUAXINGXIANG。ZAITADEFENGJINGYINGXIANGZHONG,TAJINGCHANGFANGZHIYIXIEYUZHAOBUXIANGDE、FENGCIDEYUANSU。TADEZUOPINYINFARENMENDUIRENYUZIRANJIANGANXINGJIBANDESIKAO,YERANGWOMENGENGJIAJIAOLVWEILAIDAODISHIZENYANG。


  WOMENSUOZHIDEZIRANHUICUNZAIDUOJIU?WOMENSHIBUSHIYIJINGZAIYONGWOMENJINGZHIDEFUZHIPINQUDAILEZHENGZAIXIAOSHIDEZIRAN?XIANZAIDAODIHAIYOUMEIYOU“ZIRAN”NI?HUOXUTAZHISHIYIGERENZAOWU,DANSHENGYUWOMENDUI“TAZHE”DEXUQIU;HUOXUZHISHIYIGEXIANGFA,ZAIMOUCHUCUNZAIYIGEWOMENCENGJINGSHUYUDEYOUSHENGMINGDESHIJIE,TAKENENGSHIYIGERIYIYUWOMENZHIZAOCHUDEHUANJINGRIJIANDULIDEJIANDANDEYOUJITI,TAHUOXUKEYICHENGWEIWOMENTAOBIXIANDAI配资公司 ZHONGWUZHIHEJINGSHENKUNHUODEBINANSUO。CONGHENDUOFANGMIANLAISHUO,FENGJINGYISHUYIZHIYILAIDOUZAIQIFAWOMENSIKAOZHEIXIEWENTI。YUCITONGSHI,FENGJINGYISHUYESHIRENLEIDUIZHEIXIEWENTIDENULIHUIYING。


  BENWENWANZHENGBANCANJIANSHANGHAIBOWUGUANBIANJIDE《MOZAOZIRAN:XIFANGFENGJINGHUAYISHU》YISHU(SHANGHAIRENMINMEISHUCHUBANSHECHUBAN)。

安德鲁斯谈西方风景画:风景画让我们离自然是近还是远

 
  编辑推荐
·文艺复兴艺术与科学观念下的丢勒
·超越古今——齐白石的“草虫画”
·巴斯奎特:一位涂鸦艺术家的起落
·高居翰与中国画史研究散议
·抽象的寓意——从蒙德里安绘画谈
·节奏之美——读朱耷《仿北苑山水
  精选图片
  股票配资 排行
汤哲明:徐悲鸿回顾和批判
贾方舟:谈油画家吴冠中
廖上飞:中国特色的艺术媒体
锦灰堆,工笔绘成中式“波普”
节奏之美——读朱耷《仿北苑山水
“玲珑塔艺术展:宋庄+云南青年
京津画派:独领风骚热半边
西方抽象主义艺术纵览
艺术媒体发展脉络:2000年后网络
阿基莱:对无限的思念
配资公司    |   美术家百科入驻    |   黄金配资 我们(总部)    |   各地分站    |   版权及申明

版权所有©2009-2020 北京中外视觉艺术院丨中外美术网丨最佳分辨率1024x768   
Copyright©2008-2018 WWW.602277.cn All rights reserved.